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Are Cat People Smarter Than Dog People?

cat people smarter than dog people

The personality difference between cats and dogs often inspire interesting works such as the sad cat diary and the sad dog diary. In general, dogs are thought to be more loyal, friendly and outgoing while cats are seen as solitary not-too-sociable creatures.

Related: Sleep Spindles Enhance Learning During Sleep

It turns out that people pick a pet that has the same personality as them, so introverted people have inclinations towards cats and extroverts towards dogs. According to a recent study, there may be a correlation between an individual’s pet preference and intelligence, which begs the question – who’s smarter, cat people or dog people?

Cat people vs dog people

The study surveyed 600 college students about their pet preferences and included questions that assess their personalities. More people saw themselves as dog people at 60 percent and cat people were at 11 percent. The remaining either liked both or neither.

The study revealed that extroverts gravitated towards dogs because dogs like to hang out outside, and introverts gravitated towards cats because they prefer solitude and remain indoors – you never see anyone walk a cat.

Researcher Denise Guastello stated, “It makes sense that a dog person is going to be more lively, because they’re going to want to be out there, outside, talking to people, bringing their dog…Whereas, if you’re more introverted, and sensitive, maybe you’re more at home reading a book, and your cat doesn’t need to go outside for a walk.”

Whose smarter?

In a study presented at the annual Association for Psychological Science, the results showed people who described themselves as cat people scored higher on intelligence than those who identified as dog people.

The reason may be because dog people are often outside with their dogs interacting socially, while cat people are indoors with their cats either reading books or “intellectually engaging” online content. This however, is not a definitive study because of the fact that “intelligence” is subjective.

Dog people are not out of luck

Studies have shown intelligence is not necessarily the most important aspect of becoming successful but emotional intelligence. Emotional intelligence, comprised of interpersonal competence, self-awareness and social awareness, would seem to be a trait possessed by extroverts. It’s not all about what you can do, but what the people you know can do, so dog people have some good things going for them.


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Relaxation-Focused Yoga May Boost Brain Functions According to Study

Yoga boosts brain functions

There are many kinds of yoga. The 5 most popular paradigms of yoga are Hatha, Bikram, Vinyasa, Kundalini, and Power Yoga. Each practice has its own unique set of moves and conditions to achieve differing purposes in improving health and wellness.

Related: Relaxation May Hold The Key To Breaking Free From Depression

An Overview of Each Style

Bikram is also known as “hot yoga” which is doing yoga in a hundred degree Fahrenheit room with very high humidity. Basically, make sure you know how to swim because you’ll be drenched in your own pool of sweat by the end of the session. Vinyasa yoga is a more generalized yoga which focuses on the “flow” of poses. This type of yoga is prolifically used by instructors due to its flexibility whether you want to take the cardio route or the strength route.

Kundalini yoga is great for strengthening your core and abdominal area. Power Yoga is perhaps the most popular yoga style in the United States. This is the yoga that makes you feel like you’ve been hit by a bus the day after because you are sore in areas you’ve never been sore before. Basically if you have an annoying friend who keeps saying “yoga is easy,” this is the yoga you take them to.

Hatha Yoga

Finally, Hatha Yoga, also known as “gentle yoga,” is a very popular yoga style for older people and beginners because of it’s physically-forgiving poses. Unlike power yoga, it does not focus on the physical benefits of yoga, but instead it encourages the participants to settle down, relax and focus on uniting the mind and body in a graceful unforced way of relieving stress.

“Hatha Yoga may in fact boost brain functions in older adults.”

Before you start saying “boring” and do a quadruple back-flip into your power yoga class, it turns out relaxation-focused yoga has it’s own unique benefits that may not be achievable in other types of yoga. According to a study led by Nahe Gothe with University of Illinois kinesiology and community health professor Edward McAuley and Beckman Institute director Arthur Kramer, Hatha Yoga may in fact boost brain functions in older adults.

Related: Relaxation Shields You From Infectious Diseases

The study

The research involved 108 participants ranging from ages 55 to 79 years of age. The first group practiced Hatha Yoga for three times a week for eight weeks, and the second group (control group) did the same amount of activity but did stretching and toning exercises instead of yoga.

At the end of the eight weeks after putting into account the differences in age, gender, social status, and other demographic characteristics of the participants, the yoga group showed a significant increase in their information recall, mental adaptability and multitasking skills. The control group showed no significant increase in their cognitive performance.

The researchers stated the increased focus promoted by Hatha Yoga may have helped the participants focus more efficiently when doing day to day mental activities. According to McAuley, “Participants in the yoga intervention group showed significant improvements in working memory capacity, which involves continually updating and manipulating information.” In a way, it would seem Hatha Yoga allowed the participants to de-clutter their minds and allowed them to use their full cognitive capabilities to handle the tasks in front of them.

“The eight-week yoga intervention may have boosted participants’ performance by reducing their stress.”

The lead research Neha Gothe clarified, “These studies suggest that yoga has an immediate quieting effect on the sympathetic nervous system and on the body’s response to stress…Since we know that stress and anxiety can affect cognitive performance, the eight-week yoga intervention may have boosted participants’ performance by reducing their stress.” The reason Hatha Yoga induced an increase in the participants’ mental capabilities may be primarily due to it’s relaxation-centric approach.

Conclusion

Despite the fact that the study was performed on older adults that doesn’t mean Hatha Yoga may not have equal or greater effect on younger individuals. The essential piece of information to be taken from this study is it further solidifies the recent emerging trend of relaxation-centric activities’ surprising many and broad health and cognitive benefits. This is not to completely ignore the health benefits of more physically demanding yoga practices. In fact, it is recommended for people who desire to push their fitness to the next level, but for people who are looking for an escape from the stress and want to increase cognitive performance, Hatha Yoga is the way to go.


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People Who Say “Like” Are More Ethical Study Finds

People Who Say Like A lot Care More Study Finds

Growing up is a mixed bag of fun, confusion, insecurities, worrying about your hair, thinking about your crush/your favorite boy-band and, pertinently, your parents yelling at your ear. In my case, many of the things I’ve been yelled at for were about how I present myself in front of people. What can I say, I was an awkward kid.

Related: Study Finds People Are Nicer In The Morning

“Look people in the eye,” “don’t put your hands in your pockets,” “stop twitching your foot,” and “stop making that annoying noise with your mouth” are just some of them oftentimes accentuated by a swift pinch to the side as freebie. Don’t get me wrong, I love my parents and I am grateful for their guidance, however, a recent study may suggest, one of the things we get scolded for, “filler” words may in fact reflect very positively on ourselves.

Like, You know, I mean, Uh and Um

A study from the University of Texas analyzed the natural language (conversational language) of it’s participants using 263 transcriptions from five different studies. The transcriptions looked at the use of filler words such as “like, I mean, you know, um and uh.” Exploratory analysis found “uh and um” as filled pauses while “like, you know and I mean” were discourse markers.

“A subconscious attempt by the speaker to seek the listener’s engagement.”

The difference between the two subcategories of filler words is that filled pauses (uh, um) were used as a way to simply fill a sound gap in a sentence which was found comparable across genders and ages. Discourse markers (like, you know, I mean) on the other hand were found to be a subconscious attempt by the speaker to seek the listener’s engagement.

These were found to be more common among women and younger individuals. However, they also found that these discourse markers were also correlated to a person’s conscientiousness. Those who were found to be conscientious in their personality test used the words like, you know and I mean more frequently in their natural language.

Related: People Who Sleep More, Eat Less

Filler words have a purpose

Aside from research supporting the use of filler words as potential social and personality markers, there is also evidence that suggest filler words are not completely useless. According to psychologist, Jean E. Fox Tree filler words are full of meaning. She suggests these filler words help rather than hinder our speech, “We’re taught to hate these words,” she says. “But I think it can actually be harder to follow conversations that don’t have those elements.”

“For the purpose having better understanding between people…”

I personally use filler words voluntarily and involuntarily. The findings in these studies suggest that filler words such as like, you know, uh, um, and I mean are not exactly devoid of all meaning but may in fact serve a purpose in communication.

Not only that, it may also be a marker for being a nicer person. My theory as to why that is may in lie in how a person perceives social status in relation to the use of filler words. If a person thinks saying filler words makes them look “stupid” but continues to the use such words for the purpose having better understanding between people, in a way, they are sacrificing their social status for the enjoyment of their audience. Truly if everyone was so stiff and too unwilling to seem weak then closer interpersonal connection would never occur or at least have a very hard time fostering in such an environment.

Conclusion

Filler words such as like, um, uh, you know and I mean may seem pointless at first, but they actually have a purpose in communication. In a way it teaches us that seeming vulnerable or less eloquent doesn’t make you any less of a person but in fact it shows that being relaxed and comfortable enough to show your flaws and personal inadequacies allow people the chances to accept each others’ flaws and connect in a genuine way.

But then again, don’t pepper your conversation with likes and you knows. Too much of a good thing can be like umm… bad, you know.


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Better Sleep, Better Grades Study Finds

better sleep better grades

Using flash cards, mnemonics, hiring tutors, and even going as far as cheating or taking “study drugs“, people sometimes go to extreme lengths in order to increase their academic performance. It is a good thing to strive for excellence in school, but it is best to understand the natural ways to optimize your mental capacity.

Related: Brain Gets Rid of Toxins During Sleep

“Better sleep, better grades.”

One of the most common ways by which students try to squeeze extra study time is by staying up late, however, a recent study in Belgium suggest that may be counter-intuitive to getting better grades. The research found students who slept longer hours had significantly higher grades during the exam period. It certainly supports an earlier study on “sleep spindles” that suggested sleep acts as the brain’s trash collector allowing more room for newer memories to be garnered thus improve learning.

“The researchers found more compelling results.”

The researchers surveyed 621 freshmen about the quality of their sleep during exam period and correlated their reports to their exam results. As expected the results show, according to study co-author Dr. Stijn Baert, “…students who generally got a good night’s sleep performed better on exams,” but the researchers found more compelling results.

Even after accounting for other variables such as socioeconomic background, health and study habits, the results were indicative of significant increase in exam scores with better sleep. Students who extended their sleep duration from six hours to seven hours saw nearly 10 percent increase in their exam scores. They clarified it was not the quality of sleep, but the number of hours slept which contributed to increased academic performance.

Related: People Who Sleep More, Eat Less

Considering the fact that sleep deprivation is a common problem among teenage students, recent studies show that this particular student age group would benefit the most from extended sleep. Not only does extended sleep increase exam scores, but also helps achieve peak athletic performance among athletes. So whether a student is an aspiring scholar or an up and coming star athlete, extended sleep serves to compliment both of these college spectrum.

There some caveats in association with the correlation between extended sleep and exam scores. A common academic disclaimer is “correlation does not mean causation.” It is possible that the improvement in the students time management as they try to squeeze in the extra hour of sleep into their schedule cause them to be more mindful of time spent throughout their day. This in effect may have led to the students studying more and caused them to score better in the exams.

Also this is a very subjective situation where certain fields of study may have require different types of demands on the brain and may have varying benefits from extended sleep. I was once a student and I know from my personal experience that studying 4 hours and sleeping 4 hours can sometimes be better than sleeping 7 hours and studying for just an hour.

Conclusion

As science progresses, the benefits of better sleep becomes more and more documented which states the vast influence sleep has not only on the quality of our waking hours, but on our overall intellectual performance. If you are a student or an adult professional or both, make sure to include extended sleep in your health regimen.


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Longer Sleep Helps Achieve Peak Athletic Performance

Quality Sleep Helps Achieve Peak Athletic Performance Study Finds
Staying active is one of the most essential factors to staying healthy. It also satisfies our primal need to compete. Lifting weights, running, boxing, basketball, tennis, etc. are just a few of the many ways by which we make it a more fun activity.

Whether you are an athlete, trying to lose weight, or doing it for fun, it is important to perform these activities at peak athletic performance.

Not only does it help you get the most benefit from training, it is helps you stay away from injuries.

However, not a lot of people are aware that their sleep habits may be keeping them from peak performance, putting them at a higher chance of injury and possibly losing the progress they have worked so hard to achieve.

Related: Women In Bed Longer Than Men But Sleep Less

Influence on Athletic Performance of Elite Athletes

A study conducted by Stanford Sleep Disorders Clinic and Research Laboratory observed the effects of extended sleep on 11 collegiate basketball players.

The elite athletes experienced 5 to 7 weeks of sleep extension with a minimum of 10 hours of nocturnal sleep per night. Several avenues of performance measurements were recorded including sprint time, shooting accuracy, and reaction time.

The results showed athletic performance improved significantly following several weeks of nocturnal sleep extension.

Sprinting improved from an average of 16.2 seconds to 15.5 seconds. Shooting accuracy improved with free-throw accuracy going up by 9 percent and 3-point field goal going up by 9.2 percent. The athletes also displayed faster reaction times after sleep extension.

Daytime sleeplessness, mood and resilience from fatigue also showed marked improvements.

Related: Relaxation Shields You From Infectious Diseases

Include Sleep Extension in Your Training Regime

One of the main problems with people engaging in any kind of training, whether for sports, muscle gain, weight loss or for health reasons, is they do not see the entire picture.

They think the things that happen at the gym are the only training that matters.

The truth is the opposite. The training that happens at home such as proper diet, stress management and extended sleep are the most important aspects because they ensure training at the gym is performed at the peak performance thus gaining the most physical benefits.

Complete intake of nutrients, warming up and quality sleep ensure you keep those improvements you have worked so hard to achieve by fortifying your tendons, ligaments, muscles and bones at maximum flexibility and maximum strength while maintaining razor sharp focus so you are shielded from injuries.

Conclusion

Do not make the mistake of taking for granted these other essential aspect of training. So the next time you go to bed, realize that an extended high quality sleep will help you achieve peak athletic performance which will bring you closer to your goal.

Don’t forget to share this article on facebook, twitter, google plus, or the social media of choice. It can bring your friends and loved ones closer to being healthy and help them stay away from injury. You can follow me at twitter for some personal tweets.


WORKS CITED:
1. Mah, C. D., Mah, K. E., Kezirian, E. J., & Dement, W. C. (2011). The effects of sleep extension on the athletic performance of collegiate basketball players. Sleep, 34(7), 943.



Please consider sharing this post on the social media platform of your choice. It lets us know we are creating content you are interested in. You can choose facebook, twitter, google plus, pinterest, tumblr or stumbleupon in the Spread the Yawn section below. Follow me @MrCloud101 if you have any questions or just want to see some interesting positive tweets. Consider subscribing for instant post updates whenever a new post is released. I hope you enjoy your visit at Yawncentral.

Killing Me Loudly: Study Suggests Demanding Wives Cause Early Deaths in Husbands

killing me loudly study suggest demanding wives cause early deaths in husbands

The story of a girl and a boy

Do you remember the first time you met with that special someone? You probably thought, “Wow I could not get enough of him/her” and “I want to spend the rest of my life with this amazing person.” But then, reality happened and before you know it both of you are confronted with real-life problems with real-life dilemmas faced with real-life consequences. Bills don’t pay themselves, babies don’t feed themselves and house chores certainly don’t do themselves without a person willing to take the time and effort to do it properly all day everyday. These stressful responsibilities take a toll on your patience. As a result, spouses often get stressed-out and pour their frustrations on each other by arguing all the time.

Related: Relaxation Shields You From Infectious Diseases

Arguing and worry has negative health effects

It is certainly no mystery why married people are arguing all the time, however, it turns out arguing and the worry associated with demanding loved ones have quite an impact on health. According to to research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, arguing with spouses, neighbors, and relatives can shorten an individuals lifespan, and may trigger unexpected early death.

Killing you loudly

The study surveyed nearly 10 thousand Danish men and women age 36 to 52 years of age. These were the two main questions asked to the participants of the study verbatim:

“In your everyday life, do you experience that any of the following people demand too much of you or seriously worry you?”
“In your everyday life, do you experience conflicts with any of the following people?”

The participants were given choices between friends, neighbors, partners, extended family or children. Basically the first question asked the participants who among these people make them worry the most and the second question asked who they actually argue with the most. For the first question in relation to worry, 10 percent of the participants answered children while 6 percent answered partners, which makes sense because parents are in charge of everything involving their children’s lives.

Related: 10 Conversation Secrets Everyone Should Know About

For the second question, the top answer was tied between partners and children at 6 percent. Here is the amazing part – in the course of 11 years 6 percent of the men died and 4 percent of the women. The researchers, who factored in demographical idiosyncrasies such as gender, marital status, physical and psychological health etc., determined that frequent worries caused by the demands placed on them by their partners and children were 50 to 100 percent more likely to suffer early deaths. The researchers added:

“In this study, we found that men were especially vulnerable to frequent worries/demands from their partner, contradicting earlier findings suggesting that women were more vulnerable to stressful social relations.”

Women are tougher than men

By no means is this study suggesting women do not suffer negative health effects, but the 2 percent difference in the mortality rate of the participants highly support the hypothesis that men are in fact more susceptible to stressful social relations. The findings in this research study support other claims in a recent study by University of Buffalo that “women are tougher than men” when it comes to dealing with mild to moderate stress which could be due to the stress resistance granted by the the enzyme aromatase which is connected to estrogen, the female sex hormone.

Women may be more important to the human race

This may also explain why there is an observed difference in life expectancy between males and females. An article by Scientific American suggests that stress resistance is not the only reason. Women are seen as “less disposable” by mother nature which is why women have longer lifespans – they bear children, the nurture the young and keep them alive. A study in Tanzania saw children with no mother’s fared a lot worse than children with no fathers. It could be that the evolution has determined that longer living men are unnecessary while longer living women are absolutely necessary for the survival of the species.

Conclusion

What should you take from this article? The next time your girlfriend or your wife has a yoga or massage session, maybe you should tag along and do some downward dogs because science suggests you may need the same kind of relaxation immersion as she does. The more new scientific findings support the detrimental effects of stress on the human healthy and psychology the more it become obvious that relaxation is a necessary part of a healthy lifestyle for both men and women.


Please consider sharing this post on the social media platform of your choice. It lets us know we are creating content you are interested in. You can choose facebook, twitter, google plus, pinterest, tumblr or stumbleupon in the Spread the Yawn section below. Follow me @MrCloud101 if you have any questions or just want to see some interesting positive tweets. Consider subscribing for instant post updates whenever a new post is released. I hope you enjoy your visit at Yawncentral.

Relaxation May Hold The Key To Breaking Free From Depression

Relaxation Techniques to Protect Yourself From DepressionI remember when I was a child and extremely curious. Me and my family went on vacation at a beach resort. Its a nice beach resort, but nothing too fancy. It has the most essential part of a beach resort, the beach.

I went straight for the water and took a dip. I saw a group of fishing boats nearby and thought I would dive from one side and surface on the other. At least that’s what I planned.

Related: Lose Weight Easier With Relaxation

As I was trying to surface, I realized the boat was wider than I initially thought. I started to panic and didn’t know which way was which.

It was mostly a blur, but what I remembered was the eerie pressure of water in my ears and that feeling of being trapped underneath this heavy weight. I can still imagine hearing the odd bassy sound of bubbles ringing in my ear.

Sorry to spoil the ending, but I survived. No didn’t drown, unless I’m writing this article from the afterlife. I survived, but not after taking a few mouthfuls of water and literally scraping my scalp along the base of the boat until I somehow surfaced.

The Problem of Depression

The feeling of depression is very similar to drowning – you want to surface, but you simply can’t because you are lost and unable. Many people experience it as something that traps them under some anomalous blanket of despair. According to Elizabeth Wurtzel, “…depression is so insidious, and it compounds daily, that it’s impossible to ever see the end. The fog is like a cage without a key.”

Related: 8 Steps to Permanently Cure Loneliness

Stress May Be The Cause of Depression

Our article about the cortisol paradox discussed the strong connection of chronic stress with adolescent depression and anger issues. Research published in Journal Nature further builds upon previous scientific research that reveals stress kills brain cells, and chronic stress may in fact prevent neurogenesis (creation of new brain cells) in the hippocampus, the brains memory center.

Neurogenesis in mice

In order to determine whether stress in fact causes depression, the researchers used genetically engineered mice to simulate the effects of chronic stress to the brain’s capability to renew its cells by preventing neurogenesis in their brains. These mice were compared to normal mice with normally functioning brains.

The two groups of mice were subjected to a test involving food in an unfamiliar environment, a forced swimming test and a pleasurelessness test.

They found the mice without neurogenesis took a longer time before grabbing the food in the unfamiliar environment than the normal mice. In the forced swimming test where the mice were put inside an inescapable container, they found the mice without neurogenesis gave up on swimming a lot sooner than the normal mice.

The behavior displayed by the genetically engineered mice were very much representative of depression symptoms.

Pleasurelessness, also known as anhedonia, is a major depression symptoms among depressed individuals which involved the inability to enjoy usually enjoyable activities. Healthy mice were known to drink truckloads of sugar water, so the researchers used that as a way to determine the mice’ level of pleasurelessness.

As expected, the mice without neurogenesis drank plain water instead of sugar water.

Break Away From Stress, Break Away From Depression

The findings in this study strongly suggest neurogenesis, caused by chronic stress, may in fact be one of the unseen causes of depression. Chronic Stress, just like depression, is like being trapped. It is describe as an emotional pressure experienced for an extended period of time.

A pressure that pushes you away from enjoying the simple pleasures of life. Depression is more complicated. Chronic stress may not be the cause of your depression and could be due to a multitude of other psychological or physiological causes. The best way truly be sure is to talk to your doctor. However, that doesn’t completely disregard the benefits of relaxation. It would certainly be a great complementary treatment in addition to your current depression treatments.

Act On It

Recovery starts from action. If you are in fact ready to break away from depression, make the first step to ridding yourself of chronic stress. Pinpoint the elements of your daily routine that seem to cause you chronic stress such an emotionally abusive individual, prosecuroty thoughts, or an object that seems to trigger bad memories. If you continually encounter these chronic stressors, they may the cause of your depression or enhance its symptoms.

At the very least give yourself a place of solitude. Your safe haven where you can go to so you can relax and forget about all the bad things in your life. It is essential that you remove anything that is stressful from that safe haven, and that it is in fact safe and comfortable for you to stay in. A place like a room or a favorite chair would be a good start. Also you can check out our article 8 Steps to Permanently Cure Loneliness.


Please consider sharing this post on the social media platform of your choice. It lets us know we are creating content you are interested in. You can choose facebook, twitter, google plus, pinterest, tumblr or stumbleupon in the Spread the Yawn section below. Follow me @MrCloud101 if you have any questions or just want to see some interesting positive tweets. Consider subscribing for instant post updates whenever a new post is released. I hope you enjoy your visit at Yawncentral.